Heim Joints are quite a familiar name among people who are aware of the vehicles and especially racers. But not everywhere the Heim Joints are legal.
So, the widely asked query is Why Are Heim Joints Illegal?
Well, Heim Joints have safety issues as they don’t provide the same amount of safety and reliability as ball joints. This is due to the motion range of the heim joint which is limited. Moreover, it requires regular maintenance otherwise it gets damaged easily and it is not as strong as a ball joint.
Interesting right? So if you are eager to know more about it, then you are at the right place. Lets continue with the article for detailed information.
What is Heim Joint?
Heim joint is a specialized pivot joint that is mostly found in the steering of race trucks or buggies. The main purpose of having this joint is to maintain adjustability and articulation.
A Heim Joint generally has a bore or threaded shaft on one end and on another end, there is a ball swivel Heim bearing. The ball is typically drilled with a pass-through so that it can accept the mounting hardware.
And that is how you would get a flexible joint that would allow a range of movement. The flexible durability and adjustability make people use the Heim joint which is specially used by racers.
Why Heim Joints Are Illegal
There are a few disadvantages to Heim Joints. These are the reasons why Heim Joints are illegal in many states. Here are the most common factors that cause the heim joint to be illegal-
Safety is Compromised:
The motion range of the heim joint is limited. As a result, it cannot provide the stability that a ball joint does. Moreover, the durability and reliability that the Heim Joint has to offer are significantly less than the ball joint.
So overall, the safety that we can expect from the heim joint is not up to the mark.
Weaker Compared to Ball Joints:
Though Heim Joints give much better swivels than standard ball joints, that’s the only strength of Heim Joints. In all the other ways, it performs really poorly. Heim joints can’t handle slamming a wheel into a stump or hitting a jump in hot which ball joints easily can.
Requires High Maintenance:
Heim Joints usually don’t have rubber boots to protect them. Some of them even come with those but they are prone to damage with the contact of dust, mud, or water. So regular maintenance is a must for Heim Joints to keep it clean and functioning.
Requires Special A-Arms:
If you test the compatibility of the Heim Joint with any other old A-Arm then the Heim Joint won’t stand out. So to use Heim Joints, you need to have a special kind of A-arms and with that, you are stuck with a limited joint.
So you won’t be able to try thousands of other available options. Some people also use ball joints instead of Heim Joints for better performance.
Disadvantages of Heim Joints?
The answer to Heim Joint’s illegality is not really that straightforward. In some states or countries, it is strictly prohibited to make any modification to your vehicle suspension. In contrast, there are some states where the inspection is quite lenient.
As we already know, Heim Joint is a pivot joint used in the automotive industry and used for improving aerodynamics. And this is mostly preferred for a larger size than the one-ton tie rods. But it is important to keep in mind that, it is not always ideal to use Heim Joint in driving on the road.
When you use Heim Joints in your vehicle’s suspension system, they can cause some vibration in your cabin. Which eventually leads to a rough, uneven, and uncomfortable driving experience.
Other than the discomfort, you will always have to be conscious about the joints. You always have to keep checking the joints for any tightening or adjustments if necessary. This is really important to avoid the risks of rod end play.
But mostly the maintenance depends on the type of Heim you are using. Some of them have low-quality fitting so they wear out much faster. Wear and tear also takes place faster than the other models so you have to pay more for the maintenance of these.
Why Would One Need Heim Joint?
Having a Heim Joint is mostly a choice of the user. Mostly those people who are involved in vehicle racing or off-road riding field, prefer to use Heim joints in their vehicles for durability and adjustability.
In fact, for drilling rigs or grinding rocks you will also be needing heim joints. For that, you would be needing the bigger-sized heim joints. That is why suspension geometry is an important factor to check while buying for determining the size.
In that way, you reduce the risk of tilt and play in the system. And you would be able to pivot the front axle in different directions while running the suspension.
Other than these, if you need to have more range of motion while you turn your steering wheel, then Heim Joint can be a good option. Because the end of the tie rod is located in your steering system and the steering system connects the main shaft and steering rack.
The Heim joint would provide better chamber adjustment which is missing in your regular steering system. As the chances of your bearing pulling out at an extreme angle are very low so heim joint would provide better articulatio to your system.
For more details, you can also check:
How to Detect A Bad Heim Joint?
If you notice any looseness in your Hein Joint, that is the most significant indication of a bad heim joint. Sometimes you would also notice that the point of pressure is worn out. This will also lead to loose joints and the Heim Joint will Fail to maintain aerodynamics properly.
Other than that, if there is any clicking or clunking noise coming from the heim joint, that is also an indication of a bad heim joint.
You should also consider rust in the Heim’s joint as an indication of a bad Heim Joint. Any kind of scratches, dents, or damage tells them that the heim joint is abused. You also need to inspect the rod ends and spherical bearings and check whether they are stiff or hard to move.
If your Heim Joint is bad, you need to fix them immediately to avoid any unwanted accidents.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):
What is the degree of freedom in heim joint?
The Heim joint that is attached at the end requires 360 degrees of freedom in a parallel position. It also requires 10-20 degrees of movement in the perpendicular position. All these free movements are required for the Heim joints for their proper functioning. And this is known as the degree of freedom for Heim joint.
Why it is named Heim Joint?
The rod ends also known as the Heim Joints were named after a company. So, the name of the founder of the Heim Bearing Company, Lewis R. Heim, in 1942. Later, this company became the division of RBC bearings which offers the widest selection of rod types and sizes.
What is the basic difference between Heim joints and Tie-rod ends?
The basic difference between Heim Joints and end rods is that the tie rod has a taper and the Heim joints are attached to the steering linkage with straight bolts. Moreover, the leverage exerted on the Heim Joint causes the bolt to loosen and wobble.
Hope we could help you with all the details regarding Why Are Heim Joints Illegal. It is very important for any driver to be aware of their state’s rules regarding the Heim Joint before setting it.
One final tip for you, do not overlook the regular maintenance while having Heim Joint in your vehicle. That is it for now, see you soon with something more exciting.
Till then, Safe Driving!